October is Black History Month in the UK and a time to celebrate the contribution Black communities and individuals have made over the centuries in shaping the dynamic and diverse country we have today.
It is also about raising awareness of the contribution Black people have made to our freedoms, culture and society.
From Roman times onwards, Black people have been an integral part of Britain, and the National Curriculum supports teaching about their contribution.
One of the key aims of the history curriculum is to know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day. This includes how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world, which helps build an understanding of a shared British history.
Although Black History Month only happens once a year, the teaching of Black history doesn’t begin and end there. The curriculum supports children learning about it all year round.
Here we look at a number of ways that Black history can be taught in schools using the national curriculum for history from Key Stages 1 to 3, and the subject content requirements for history GCSE at Key Stage 4.
At Key Stage 1 the curriculum requires key historical events within or beyond living memory to be taught. This could include teaching about the lives of key Black and minority ethnic historical figures such as Mary Seacole and Rosa Parks, both of whom are used as examples in the programmes of study.
At Key Stage 2 the curriculum requires the study of a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history, for example Benin (West Africa) from 900-1300 AD.
At Key Stage 3 there is a statutory requirement to explore ideas, political power, industry and empire in Britain between 1745-1901. This is so that every child has an understanding of the history of Empire and its consequences. Teachers could, for example, look at Britain’s transatlantic slave trade – its effects and its eventual abolition – including the successful slave-led rebellions, such as the Haitian Revolution, that eventually led to the abolition of slavery. In the UK, this could include the role played by slaves and former slaves such Olaudah Equiano as well as the Somerset Ruling. This Key Stage also requires the study of an aspect of British history that consolidates and extends pupils’ chronological knowledge from before 1066. One of the suggested topics is to look at the impact of the migration of people to, from and within the British Isles.
At Key Stage 4 pupils should develop and extend their knowledge and understanding of specified key events, periods and societies in local, British, and wider world history which takes in the wide diversity of human experience. Such events can include the world wars and the impact of migration on Britain. There is scope to teach Black history within these events and within the broader requirements of the GCSE subject specification.
As part of a broad and balanced curriculum, pupils should be taught about different societies, and how different groups have contributed to the development of Britain, including the voices and experience of Black people.
There are many resources schools and parents can and already use for Black History Month generated by Black communities and others.
We have suggested some useful sites below:
The Historical Association, the subject association for history, has many Black history resources available including those linked to in their annual Black History Month news story.
Windrush Foundation provides a Key Stage 2 Windrush education resource including activities, information and photographs.
Runnymede Trust’s Our Migration Story site brings together a range of migration stories and supporting sources for teachers to use in the classroom.
NHS at 70: Valuing the rich history of black and minority ethnic staff is an exploration of the history of black and minority ethnic staff (BAME) working in the NHS through their voices, which could be used as an assembly resource.
Institute of Historical Research provides collected reading and primary resource materials on Black history.